Praça da Batalha and Igreja de Santo Ildefonso around 1929

Praça da Batalha

Praça da Batalha

Busy tram traffic in front of the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso. The rule of the way is right, which places the photo after 1 june 1928. Tram 249 working on line 14 is on the way to Devezas. I’s followed by tram 239 working on line 17, which has almost reached its terminus. Tram 249 is of the Brill-23 type and has a second trolley-pole for crossing the Ponte Luís I. Tram 239 is of the Brill-28 type, in this case made by widening a Brill tram of the 1909 order. Number and exact type of the third tram cannot be determined, but it looks like a Brill-23 of the 1910 or maybe 1912 order.

Praça da Batalha and Igreja de Santo Ildefonso around 1905

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso and tramcar 24

Praça da Batalha with an electric tram converted from a mule tram. The mule tram likely originated from the Companhia Carril Americano do Porto á Foz e Matosinhos. The tramcar was likely converted in 1902 or 1903 and later renumbered from 35 to 24.

Praça da Batalha and Igreja de Santo Ildefonso around 1904

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso and tramcar 37

This postcard shows an electric tram converted from an old mule tram. The mule tram was likely build for the Companhia de Carris Américano do Porto á Foz e Matosinhos in the early 1870’s. In 1903 it was electrified and got the number 37.

Praça da Batalha and Igreja de Santo Ildefonso around 1903

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso and tramcar 35

The tram-car is an electrified former mule tram. Likely the tram body was build around 1872 for the oldest Porto tram-company, the Companhia Carril Americano do Porto á Foz e Matosinhos. This company was taken over early 1893 by the Companhia de Carris de Ferro do Porto. This tram-car was likely transformed into an electric tram in 1902. I think its number was exchanged with tram-car 24 around 1904. One tram of this type survived into the 1950’s, but due to lost documentations it is unknown if it was this car or another.

Praça da Batalha and Igreja de Santo Ildefonso around 1900

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso

Praça da Batalha with the Igreja de Santo Ildefonso

The Igreja de Santo Ildefonso was always a very popular subject for photos and postcards. Often a tram was in front of the church. This is the oldest postcard from my collection with such a scene.

The photo shows a tram with four mules. The standard traction of these trams was two mules but likely two more were added to tackle the slope from Rua Santa Catarina to Praça da Batalha.

The tram is on the route to Campanhã. This was the main line of the CCFP: Matosinhos (Rua Roberto Ivens) – Castelo do Queijo – Rua de Gondarem – Foz (Cadouços) – Campo das Ervilhas – Fonte de Moura – Avenida da Boavista – Boavista (depot) – Carvalhosa – Rua da Cedofeita, opposite direction Rua do Rosário – Carmo – Praça Dom Pedro (now Praça da Liberdade) – Rua Dom Pedro (does not exist anymore, but was about the east side of where is now Avenida dos Aliados) – Rua Formosa – Bolhão – Rua de Santa Catarina – Praça da Batalha – Rua Entreparedes -Santo Lazaro – Avenida Rodrigues Freitas – Rua Heroismo – Estação de Campanhã.

Between Matosinhos and Boavista the traction was by steam locomotives, from Boavista to Campanhã mules pulled the trams. The detour via Bolhão was without doubt to avoid the steep Rua de Santo António (Rua 31 de Janeiro), which would have required a great number of mules. The line was for large parts single track and likely the tram is waiting here in a passing loop for another tram in the opposite direction.