Portugal tram systems

This is an overview of the tram systems that exist or existed in Portugal.

Lisboa area

Lisboa

Mule trams
CCFL – Companhia Carris de Ferro de Lisboa

Date of opening: 1873, November 17 (from September 1887 until September 1890 also tests with battery trams, from 1889 until 1892 also steam traction on Sundays and holidays during the bathing season)
Gauge: Original 1435 mm, from 1890 also 900 mm
Date of closure: 10 August 1902

Cable trams
NCAML – Nova Companhia de Ascencores Mechanicos de Lisboa.
The NCAML was taken over by the CCFL on 31 December 1912.
Gauge: 900 mm
Estrela line: opening 1890, August 15, length 1.7 km, closure 1913, July 3
Graça line: opening 1893, March 26, length 1.0 km, closure 1913, May 25
The NCAML also operated three steam powered funiculars: Lavra, Glória and Bica. They were electrified by the CCFL

Cable trams
CVF – Companhia de Viação Funicular

São Sebastião line: opening 1899, January 15, length 2.6 km, closure 1901, January 3

Electric trams
CCFL – Companhia Carris de Ferro de Lisboa

Date of opening: 1901, August 31
Gauge: 900 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 145 km
Maximum number of electric cars: 419
Maximum number of trailers: 100
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams have trolley poles, since 1995 also pantographs

Underground Metro
Metro de Lisboa

Date of opening: 1959, December 30
Gauge: 1435 mm
Power supply by 3rd rail

Sintra

Electric trams
Companhia Cintra ao Oceano
, from 1914 Companhia Sintra-Atlântico, from 2001 Câmara Municipal de Sintra
Date of opening: 1904, March 31
Since 1953 summer-only, during 1975-1979 and a few later years no service. Currently all-year service.
Gauge: 1000 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 14 km
Maximum number of electric cars: 7
Maximum number of trailers: 7
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams have trolley poles

Almada & Seixal

Electric lightrail
MTS – Metro Transportes do Sul

Date of opening: 2007, April 30
Gauge: 1435 mm
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams have pantographs

“Larmanjat”

Steam trams
The Lisbon Steam Tramways ltd. / Companhia de Tramway a Vapor

Lines from Lisboa Portas do Rego to Sintra and Torres Vedras
Date of opening: 1873, July 2
Monorail with side wheels on wooden beams parallel to the rail
Date of closure: 1875, April 8

Porto area

Porto

Mule trams
CCAPFM – Companhia Carril Americano do Porto á Foz e Matosinhos

Date of opening: 1872, March 9
Gauge: 1435 mm
In December 1892 the CCAPFM was taken over by the CCFP

Mule trams
CCFP – Companhia de Carris de Ferro do Porto

Date of opening: 1874, August
Gauge: 1435 mm
Date of closure: 1904, September 22

Steam trams
CCFP – Companhia de Carris de Ferro do Porto

Date of opening: 1878, August 11
Gauge: 1435 mm
Date of closure: 1914, November 9

Electric trams
CCFP – Companhia de Carris de Ferro do Porto
, from 1 July 1946 STCP – Serviço de Transportes Colectivos do Porto, later Sociedade de Transportes Colectivos do Porto
Date of opening: 1895, September 12
Gauge: 1435 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 82 km
Maximum number of electric cars: 197
Maximum number of trailers: 26?
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams have trolley poles

Electric lightrail
MP – Metro do Porto

Date of opening: 2002, December 7
Gauge: 1435 mm
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams have pantographs

Póvoa de Varzim & Vila do Conde

Mule trams, during the final years (also) motor trams
Date of opening: 1874, October 15
Gauge: 1400 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 4 km
Date of closure: 1934, October

Penafiel

Steam trams
Companhia do Caminho de Ferro de Penafiel á Lixa e Entre-os-Rios

Date of opening: 1912, November 10
Gauge: 1000 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 49 km
Date of closure: 1921, no exact day known, during the final years the trams didn’t run daily and it seems the last trams were specials.

Northern area

Braga

Mule- & steam trams
CCFB – Companhia de Carris de Ferro de Braga
, from June 1883 CCABJ – Companhia Carris e Ascensor do Bom Jesus
Date of opening: 1877, May 20 (mule traction, since March 25th 1882 also steam traction)
Gauge: 900 mm
Date of closure: 1914, October 19

Electric trams
SMB – Serviços Municipalizados de Braga

Date of opening: 1914, October 19
Gauge: 900 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 8 km
Maximum number of electric cars: 11
Maximum number of trailers: 13
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams had bow collectors
Date of closure: 1963, May 20

Régua – Vila Real

Mule- horse- ox- & steam trams
Date of opening: 1875, September 26 (steam traction from July until November 1877)
Gauge: 900 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 27 km
Date of closure: 1880

Central area

Coimbra

Mule trams
RRC – Rail Road Conimbricense

Date of opening: 1874, September 17
Gauge: 1435 mm
Date of closure: 1887

Mule trams
CCFC – Companhia Carris de Ferro de Coimbra

Date of opening: 1904, January 1
Gauge: 900 mm
Date of closure: 1908, August 31

Electric trams
CMC – Câmara Municipal de Coimbra
, from 1920, April 7 SMC – Serviços Municipilizados de Coimbra
Date of opening: 1911, January 1
Gauge: 1000 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 15 km
Maximum number of electric cars: 20
Maximum number of trailers: 2
Power supply by overhead wire, the trams had trolley poles
Date of closure: 1980, January 9

Figueira da Foz

Mule- & steam trams
Date of opening: 1875, December (goods only, since August 1876 also passengers; mule traction, from 1902 until 1926 also steam traction)
Gauge: 850 mm
Date of closure: 1930

São Martinho – Pinhal de Leira

Ox trams
Date of opening: 1860, December 1
Gauge: 1435 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 36 km
Date of closure: 1885. Route became part of the 1887 opened Linha do Oeste broad gauge railway.

Torres Novas – Alcanena

Steam trams
Cia Caminho de Ferro de Torres Novas à Alcanena SARL

Date of opening: 1889, June 18 (officially)
Gauge: 1000 mm
Maximum extention of the network: 13 km
Date of closure: 1893, July


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